Imbali yeoyile yoqobo yaseHaarlem

Ioli yeHarlem ubutyebi bendalo obufunyenwe kwiminyaka engama-450 eyadlulayo

INDAWO YOKUSETYENZISWA KWEDUTCH

INDAWO YOKUSETYENZISWA KWEDUTCHThe Imbali yeoyile yaseHaarlem ibuyela emva kwinkulungwane ye-18 kwaye imbali yayo iqhagamshelwe kwi-alchemy yaseDatshi.

 

UClaas Tilly uyaziwa ngokucacisa ngeMedicarnentum Gratia Probatum ngonyaka we-1696. Njengokuba uClaas Tilly wayezukisiwe ngokwenziwa kweyeza elaziwa ukunyanga izintso kunye nesinyi, waphumelela kuNjingalwazi uHermann Boerhave, owongeze inqaku leenkcukacha imveliso. UHermann Boerhave, uNjingalwazi kwiYunivesithi yaseMedecin, uLeyde, wayengomnye woogqirha abadumileyo ngeli xesha. Njengokuba uNjingalwazi uHermann Boerhave ethathe inxaxheba kwizibonelelo zeliyeza elikhawuleze lathandwa, imigaqo yokuziphatha yakhe yamthintela ekunxibelelaniseni igama lakhe nento evela kubunini mveliso.

 

The Ioyile yokwenene yaseHarlem iveliswa kumzi mveliso oxhotyiswe ngezixhobo ezintsonkothileyo, ezintsonkothileyo nezixabisa kakhulu. Izithako zilandela inkqubo ethatha iintsuku ezininzi, apho ukulungiswa kwamachiza athile kunye nohlalutyo olunzima kuvumele iTilly Family ukuba igcine imfihlo yemveliso kwiminyaka engama-200. UClaas Tilly usweleke ngexesha lonyaka we-1734, emva kokuphumelela kwinto yakhe. Oonyana bakhe, uKoning Tilly, walandelwa nguG.

 

Ngelishwa, ishishini liphelile emva kokubhubha kukaClaas Tilly. Kungenzeka ngenxa yokhuphiswano kunye nokulingiswa okuninzi okuthintela umgangatho wemveliso kunye nodumo lwayo. Ngeli xesha, igama leoyile yeHarlem yangempela yayisasazeke kulo lonke elaseYurophu nakwezinye iindawo zehlabathi. Ke, iintsapho ezininzi eHaarlem zazama ukukopa eli chiza. Ukufana kuphela kwakunegama elifanayo kodwa kungazange kube yimfihlo yefomula eyenziwe nguClaas Tilly noHermann Boerhave ngo-1696 ekuqaleni.

IZIGCAWU ZOKUFUNDA

IZIGCAWU ZOKUFUNDANgo-1924, uMnu.Thomas, usokhemesti ongumFrentshi waqala ukuvelisa ioyile yoqobo yeHaarlem. ILebhu yeLebhu i-THOMAS, enye yeelebhu yokuqala yamayeza yaseFrance, ifanele ukuba nodumo kunye neyenzululwazi yokuqala.

 

Kuyashiywa ke ukubeka phambili indlela engenakuphikiswa, yokuba iipropathi ezintsha ezifunyenwe yisalfure ngokudibeneyo, zinokuqinisekisa ukuba ioyile yeHaarlem ngumthombo obalulekileyo wesulfure engafumanekiyo kulwamkelo.

 

Iilabhoratri zaseFrance zenze izifundo zazo kwi-bioavailability yesalfure ngo-1983 ukuya kunjingalwazi uJacquot, ovela kwicandelo lekhemesti laseChâtenay-Malabry. Ezi zifundo zibonisa ukungafani kokufumaneka kwesalfure okuqulathwe Ioli yeHarlem kwaye olunye uphando lubonisa isenzo se-SOD (super oxydismutase).

 

Ukungena kwemfihlo ngolu lwakhiwo oluthile lweemolekyuli kushiyelwe kulwazi lwesayensi. Oku kwenziwe ngeminyaka yama-90s phantsi kwesikhokelo sika Mnu. Charles Stirnweiss, usokhemesti, kunye noMnu Kirsch, uprofesa kwiFakhalthi yeMetz kunye neelebhu zophando ze-Elf Atochem. Kuxhomekeke kwesi sizukulwana nakwisizukulwana esilandelayo ukuqhubeka nophando kwaye ungalibali ukuba i-alchemists isasebenza kule elixir. Ulwazi lwethu luyanda; sinolwazi lwemihla ngemihla ngebhayoloji kwindima ephambili yesalfure; kodwa khumbula ukuba i-oyile i-Haarlem Oil ayinakuze itshintshe: lilifa elixabisekileyo.

 

Ukusukela kwinkulungwane ye-18th, ukuba bekunokwenzeka ukuba kulahlwe iziseko zekhemistri yanamhlanje kwaye ukuba ngekhulu le-19, ikhemistri yezinto eziphilayo ibisele ifakiwe, kuye kwafuneka silinde de kube sekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-20 ukuze i-biochemistry yanamhlanje ikhule ngokwaneleyo ukuze Ukuchaza iindlela ezinzulu zabaphilayo.

 

Ubungqina bukwabonakalise ukubaluleka kwesondlo kunye nococeko lobomi ekugcineni impilo. Ulwazi lwethu lusivumela ukuba siqonde ukuba indima yesayensi kwicandelo lezempilo ayinakuncitshiswa ukuze kufunyanwe amayeza, ukunyanga izifo, kodwa nokunikezela ngolwazi oluyimfuneko lokuhlala usempilweni entle, kwanokulibazisa ukuguga kunye nokukhuselwa kubundlongondlongo okusingqongileyo. Rhoqo, izigulo zenzeka kwakude kudala phambi kokuba siyikhathalele impilo yethu. Namhlanje, ukuba iyafuneka kwaye iyafunwa, wonke umntu angayiphucula okanye ayilondoloze impilo yakhe esisiseko.